Senin, 11 Maret 2013

2. T-80U (Russia)


Weight 50.7 tonnes
Length 7.01 m (9.72 m with gun in forward position)
Width 3.60 m
Height 2.20 m
Crew 3 (driver, gunner, commander)
Primary armament :125 mm 2A46M-1 (D-81TM “Rapira-3″) smoothbore gun 39 rounds

Secondary armament : 7.62 mm PKT coaxial machine gun (1,250 rounds)[2]
7.62 mm PKT KT-7.62 coaxial machine gun (1,250 rounds) (T-80UD)[1]
12.7 mm NSVT anti-aircraft machine gun (500 rounds)[2]
12.7 mm KT-12.7 anti-aircraft machine gun (450 rounds) (T-80UD)[1]
9M112 Kobra (AT-8 Songster) ATGM (6 missiles) (T-80, T-80B)[2]
9M119 Svir (AT-11 Sniper) and 9M119M Refleks (AT-11B Sniper) ATGM[2] (6 missiles) (T-80U)[2]
Engine :GTD-1250 multi-fuel 1,250 hp (932 kW)
Power/weight :24.7 hp/tonne (18.4 kW/tonne)
Operational range :500 km, 900 km with extra tanks (on road)

T-80 diproduksi di Kirov Plant, Leningrad. Pertama kali masuk dinas operasional tahun 1976. T-80 didesain untuk menggantikan T-64. T-80 adalah tank Russia pertama yang menggunakan mesin gasturbine, mesin ini mampu membuat T-80 mencapai kecepatan 70km/jam dengan jarak maksimal 335km. Seperti karakteristik mesin gas turbine umumnya, mesin GTD-1000 ini mengkonsumsi bahan bakar yang banyak, sehingga bagian hull tank dilakukan perubahan desain guna menampung lebih banyak bahan bakar. Pada varian selanjutnya yakni T-80U, mesin gasturbine diganti dengan GTD-1250.

T-80 menggunakan meriam kaliber 125mm. Meriam ini selain bisa menembakan peluru tank bisa dipakai juga untuk meluncurkan ATGW. Selain itu T-80 menggunakan Autoloader sehingga mengurangi jumlah awak menjadi 3. Seperti pada varian sebelumnya, tank ini sudah dilengkapi oleh dozer di bagian bawah hull.

Saat ini 4.500 T-80 tercatat masih beroperasi di Rusia.

2. T-80U (Russia)


Weight 50.7 tonnes
Length 7.01 m (9.72 m with gun in forward position)
Width 3.60 m
Height 2.20 m
Crew 3 (driver, gunner, commander)
Primary armament :125 mm 2A46M-1 (D-81TM “Rapira-3″) smoothbore gun 39 rounds

Secondary armament : 7.62 mm PKT coaxial machine gun (1,250 rounds)[2]
7.62 mm PKT KT-7.62 coaxial machine gun (1,250 rounds) (T-80UD)[1]
12.7 mm NSVT anti-aircraft machine gun (500 rounds)[2]
12.7 mm KT-12.7 anti-aircraft machine gun (450 rounds) (T-80UD)[1]
9M112 Kobra (AT-8 Songster) ATGM (6 missiles) (T-80, T-80B)[2]
9M119 Svir (AT-11 Sniper) and 9M119M Refleks (AT-11B Sniper) ATGM[2] (6 missiles) (T-80U)[2]
Engine :GTD-1250 multi-fuel 1,250 hp (932 kW)
Power/weight :24.7 hp/tonne (18.4 kW/tonne)
Operational range :500 km, 900 km with extra tanks (on road)

T-80 diproduksi di Kirov Plant, Leningrad. Pertama kali masuk dinas operasional tahun 1976. T-80 didesain untuk menggantikan T-64. T-80 adalah tank Russia pertama yang menggunakan mesin gasturbine, mesin ini mampu membuat T-80 mencapai kecepatan 70km/jam dengan jarak maksimal 335km. Seperti karakteristik mesin gas turbine umumnya, mesin GTD-1000 ini mengkonsumsi bahan bakar yang banyak, sehingga bagian hull tank dilakukan perubahan desain guna menampung lebih banyak bahan bakar. Pada varian selanjutnya yakni T-80U, mesin gasturbine diganti dengan GTD-1250.

T-80 menggunakan meriam kaliber 125mm. Meriam ini selain bisa menembakan peluru tank bisa dipakai juga untuk meluncurkan ATGW. Selain itu T-80 menggunakan Autoloader sehingga mengurangi jumlah awak menjadi 3. Seperti pada varian sebelumnya, tank ini sudah dilengkapi oleh dozer di bagian bawah hull.

KRI Dewaruci

 

KRI Dewaruci
KRI Dewaruci
Career (Indonesian Navy)
Name: KRI Dewaruci
Commissioned: 1953
Nickname: KRI Dewaruci
Status: Operational
General characteristics
Type: Barquentine
Displacement: 847 tons
Length: 58.3 metres (191 ft)
Beam: 9.5 metres (31 ft)
Height: 36.5 metres (120 ft)
Draught: 4.05 metres (13.3 ft)
Propulsion: 1x 986 HP diesel, with a 4 blade propeller
Sail plan: 16 sails, 1,091 square metres (11,740 sq ft)
Speed: 10.5 knots with the engine
9 knots under sail
Complement: 81 crew and 75 cadets
The KRI Dewaruci (sometimes spelled Dewa Ruci or Dewarutji; KRI: Kapal
The KRI Dewaruci (sometimes spelled Dewa Ruci or Dewarutji; KRI: Kapal Perang Republik Indonesia) is a Class A tall ship and the only barquentine owned and operated by the Indonesian Navy.[1] She is used as a sail training vessel for naval cadets and is the largest tall ship in the Indonesian fleet. The Dewaruci also serves as a goodwill ambassador for the country of Indonesia to the rest of the world.
Built in Germany by HC Stülcken & Sohn. Construction on the Dewaruci began in 1932, but was suspended due to the outbreak of World War II, which caused heavy damage to the shipyard where she was being constructed. She was finally completed in 1952 and launched in 1953. Since then, she has been based out of Surabaya on the Java Sea. Her name and figurehead represent and display the mythological Javanese wayang god of truth and courage. This ship is the largest tall ship in the Indonesian fleet operated by the Indonesian Navy and used as a sail training vessel for naval cadets and serves as a goodwill ambassador for the country of Indonesia to the rest of the world. The ship also holds a mission to promote Indonesian tourism through the “Wonderful Indonesia” brand.
The Dewaruci also participates in tall ship races and events around the world. As a unique feature, the ship has her own marching band. In 2010 the Dewaruci's marching band delighted and entertained the crowds in Hartlepool at the Tall Ships Crew Parade. Their energy, enthusiasm, and skill won them the prize for the best crew in the crew parade.
Due to her age, Dewaruci is to be pensioned and displayed at naval museum. The Indonesian Parliament has agreed to buy a new tall ship and has appropriated $80 million (Rp720 billion) for the purpose. The new ship will also be named Dewaruci. The new vessel is to be completed in 2014.[2][3][4][5]
The three masts are named after three of the sons of Pandu, from the Pandava. Foremast, named "Bima"—35.3 metres (116 ft))

0 komentar:

Poskan Komentar